新概念第四册 Lesson 3 Matterhorn man
Lesson 3 Matterhorn man
First listen and then answer the following question.
What was the main objective of early mountain climbers?
Modern alpinists try to climb mountains by a route which will give them good sport, and the more difficult it is, the more highly it is regarded. In the pioneering days, however, this was not the case at all. The early climbers were looking for the easiest way to the top, because the summit was the prize they sought, especially if it and never been attained before. It is true that during their explorations they often faced difficulties and dangers of the most perilous nature, equipped in a manner with would make a modern climber shudder at the thought, but they did not go out of their way to court such excitement. They had a single aim, a solitary goal -- the top!
It is hard for us to realize nowadays how difficult it was for the pioneers. Except for one or two places such as Zermatt and Chamonix, which had rapidly become popular, Alpine village tended to be impoverished settlements cut off from civilization by the high mountains. Such inns as there were generally dirty and flea-ridden; the food simply local cheese accompanied by bread often twelve months old, all washed down with coarse wine. Often a valley boasted no inn at all, and climbers found shelter wherever they could -- sometimes with the local priest (who was usually as poor as his parishioners), sometimes with shepherds or cheese-makers. Invariably the background was the same: dirt and poverty, and very uncomfortable. For men accustomed to eating seven-course dinners and sleeping between fine linen sheets at home, the change to the Alps must have very hard indeed.
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- 新概念第一册 Lesson 1 Excuse me!
- 新概念第一册 Lesson 17 How do you do?
- 新概念第一册 Lesson 3 Sorry, sir.
- 新概念第一册 Lesson 5 Nice to meet you
- 新概念第一册 Lesson 7 Are you a teacher?
- 新概念第一册 Lesson 9 How are you today?
- 新概念第一册 Lesson 11 Is this your shirt?
- 新概念第一册 Lesson 13 A new dress
- 新概念第一册 Lesson 15 Your passports, please.
- 新概念第一册 Lesson 19 Tired and thirsty